of the History
of Ancient Rome
abstracts on the Roman
Republic and the Roman
of Ancient Rome
Overview of the gods in Ancient
Overview and Summary
of Ancient Latin Literature
EARLY LATIN PERIOD - Prior to 100 BC
Plautus (circa 254 BC to circa 184 BC)
Latin Name: Titus Maccius Plautus
Summary: Earliest extant Roman playwright; famous for mythological
burlesque and slapstick comedy.
Cato the Elder (circa 234 BC to circa 149 BC)
Latin Name: Marcus Porcius Cato
Summary: The first Latin writer of prose of significance;
On Farming (De
Agri Cultura) - Oldest example of Latin prose.
(circa 195 BC to circa 159 BC)
Latin Name: Publius Terentius Afer
Summary: The most successful Roman comic playright of his
day; all of his plays were very popular.
The Eunuch (Eunuchus)
LATIN PERIOD - 100 BC to AD 300
Cicero (106 BC to 43 BC)
Latin Name: Marcus Tullius Cicero
Summary: Famed orator and the unsurpassed master of Latin
14 Philippics (Philippica
Caesar (100 BC to 44 BC)
Latin Name: Gaius Julius Caesar
Summary: General who conquered Britain and Gaul; coined "veni,
vidi, vici"; was assassinated while dictator.
Commentaries on the Gallic War (Commentarii
de Bello Gallico) - Caesars account of the war with
Commentaries on the Civil War (Commentarii
de Bello Civili) - Caesars account of his war with
(circa 94 BC to circa 49 BC)
Latin Name:Titus Lucretius Carus
Summary: The great Latin didactic poet.
On the Nature of Things (De
(86 BC to 34 BC)
Latin Name: Gaius Sallustius Crispus
Summary: The historian who chronicled the attempted overthrow
of the Roman Republic in 63 BC.
The Conspiracy of Catiline (Bellum
(circa 84 BC to circa 54 BC)
Latin Name: Gaius Valerius Catullus
Summary: The greatest lyric poet of Rome.
Poem 1-116 (Carmen
(70 BC to 19 BC)
Latin Name: Publius Vergilius Maro
Summary: Famed epic poet known for The Aeneid.
The Aeneid (Aeneis)
The Eclogues (Eclogae)
The Georgics (Georgica)
(65 BC to 8 BC)
Latin Name: Quintus Horatius Flaccus
Summary: Renowned lyricist and master of satire.
(63 BC to 8 BC)
Latin Name: Gaius Iulius Caesar Octavianus Augustus
Summary: The First Roman Emperor; ruled autocratically for
41 years; Pax
The Deeds of the Divine Augustus (Res
Gestae Divi Augusti)
(circa 59 BC to AD 17)
Latin Name: Titus Livius
Summary: Leading historian during the reign of Augustus.
History From the Founding of the City (Ab
Urbe Condita) - History of Rome from 753 BC.
(circa 27 to circa 66)
Latin Name: Gaius Petronius Arbiter and Titus Petronius (pen
Summary: Celebrated writer of the age of Nero.
(43 BC to AD 17)
Latin Name: Publius Ovidius Naso
Summary: Ranked alongside Virgil and Horace as one of the
three greatest poets of Latin literature.
The Loves (Amores)
The Art of Love (Ars
(circa 4 BC to 65 AD)
Latin Name: Lucius Annaeus Seneca
Summary: Philosopher, statesman and dramatist famous for his
letters to Lucilius on stoicism.
morales ad Lucilium) - Famed bundle of 124 letters from
Seneca to Lucilius.
the Elder (AD 23 to AD 89)
Latin Name: Gaius Plinius Secundus
Summary: "True glory consists of doing what deserves
to be written, and writing what deserves to be read."
Natural History (Naturalis
(circa AD 46 to AD 120)
Latin Name: Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus
Summary: Hellenistic historian and biographer.
Epictetus (AD 55 to AD 135)
Latin Name: Epictetus
Summary: Freed Greek slave who became celebrated Stoic philosopher
after being exiled from Rome.
(circa 56 AD to 120 AD)
Latin Name: Publius Cornelius Tacitus
Summary: One of the leading historians of Rome.
The Histories (Historiae)
The Annals (Annales)
(60 AD to 140 AD)
Latin Name: Decimus Junius Juvenalis
Summary: Greatest Roman Satyric Poet
the Younger (AD 63 to circa AD 113)
Latin Name: Gaius Plinius Caecilius Secundus
Summary: Famous for writing letters; some specifically for
publcation which was a new genre for his time.
(69 AD to 122 AD)
Latin Name: Gaius Suetonius Tranquillus
Summary: Prominent historian and biographer.
Caesars (De Vita Caesarum)
(circa AD 87 to AD 150)
Latin Name: Claudius Ptolemaeus
Summary: Egyptian citizen of Rome and the leading geographer
and astonomer for over 1000 years.
The Great Book (Algamest)
Aurelius (AD 121 to AD 180)
Latin Name: Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus
Summary:Roman Emperor from AD 161 to AD 180; last of the "Five
(circa AD 123 to circa AD 180)
Latin Name: Apuleius Apuleius
Summary: Writer of bawdy picaresque novels.
The Golden Ass (Asinus
- The only Latin novel that has survived in its entirety.
Plotinus (AD 205 to AD 270)
Latin Name: Plotinus
Summary: Founder of Neoplatonism.